Schengen Agreement Countries & History – Purpose Of Schengen Agreement
The Schengen area consists of 26 Europe countries, for the easy-going in these countries an agreement was signed on 14 June 1985 named by Schengen Agreement, it was signed by Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands these were five of the ten Europe countries which agreed for this agreement with the passage of time other countries also agreed for Schengen agreement, all Schengen countries shared their internal borders for free movement.
Countries Joined Schengen Agreement:
These countries share them for exchanging goods, services, and Information under Schengen Agreement.
- 1985: Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
- 1995: Portugal and Spain
- 1997: Italy and Austria
- 2000: Greece
- 2001: Norway, Finland, Sweden, Iceland, and Denmark
- 2007: Estonia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Latvia, Malta, and Lithonia
- 2008: Switzerland and Liechtenstein
The Schengen agreement is the main contract that joined the 26 Europe countries for free movement.
- Written: 14 June 1985
- Productive: 26 March 1995
- Established: 14 June 1985
- Original Signatories: Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
- Placement: Schengen, Luxembourg
- Depositary: Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Countries which are not agreed to an agreement:
Romania, Croatia, Cyprus, and Bulgaria are the four Europe countries that have not yet agreed to be a part of the Schengen area.
Albania, Russia, Moldova, Serbia, Macedonia, Ukraine, Bosnia, Montenegro, and Belarus are the nine Non-Europe Union countries that are not part of the Schengen agreement.
All Schengen countries are not EU members Norway, Switzerland, Iceland, and Liechtenstein these states are not EU members.
Schengen area has a river Moselle whose drainage area is 28,289 km2, Luxemburg covers 2,521 km2, and 54 percent of the complete drainage area is covered by the French part.
The Schengen area consists of 4,312,099 sq. km and has a population of over 400 million people. The main purpose of the Schengen agreement is to build international links and share borders, visitors of Europe countries feel free in travelling within the Schengen area without taking a passport with them
According to Maastricht Treaty 1992:
Movement without any fear is the right of Schengen citizens, European Union also declares that 1.25 billion tours make By citizens per year in the Schengen area.
This relegation checked complications on the abolition of internal border controls, the definition of this system is providing a uniform visa, working of a single database for all members known as Schengen Information System(SIS) as well as the formation of a co-operating structure between internal and immigration officers.
Schengen area has a small village in Luxembourg where the Schengen agreement is signed.
The agreement was built in 1990 by the Schengen Convention which presents the entire abolition of systematic internal border controls and a common visa policy.
The Schengen agreement is a component of the legal acts, it has, for EU members, vanished the position of an agreement, which could only be modified as stated by its terms.
Preferably, changings are made according to the parliamentarian strategy of the EU under EU treaties. Reformation by the ex-agreement signatory states is not needed for modifying the Schengen acquis. Schengen area entering condition is maintained by the voting in the EU’s legal chamber. New states are not allowed to sign the Schengen agreement as such these states of the EU are required to implement Schengen rules which are designed by the EU legal body.
Refugee Crisis Affected Schengen:
Denmark decided to make more secure control on its southern border with Germany.
Denmark made this decision after Sweden enforced identity checks for train passengers traveling between the two. Austria, Germany, and Norway reinstate checks to deal with the majority of immigrants, these states are not EU members. France has them in place because of the invasion of Paris.
The measurement taken as a precaution against threat has built confusion about the moreover of free migration within the 26 states that formulate the Schengen area named after Luxembourg where it was signed in 1985
The EU states claim that more than 1.5 million people make visited the Schengen area borders last year. The entrance of thousands of people in Itlay and Greece entirely canceled their border authorities. As those states feel stressed, they have periodically secured their southern borders. Two armies are trying to separate Europe. In 2015 an unexpected number of visitors arrived in Europe. They go to those countries where they are largely likely to be allowed to visit, especially Germany and Sweden. The stress is increased for those countries
Purpose of Agreement:
The main five contributing parties Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, have decided to implementation on the statement that is in the agreement to prohibit controls at their borders on the free movement of visitors, goods, information, and transport, for this purpose co-operation of contracting parties is required.
The following is the purpose of the Schengen Agreement.
Check border is the main purpose of this agreement, it means to check out at the border.
Schengen Information System:
For refusing the entry of any stranger Schengen Information System has been introduced
Under this agreement, all states of the Schengen area share their internal land and sea borders for their visitors, goods, internal flights, and for shipments.
These states also share their external land and sea borders for transactions.
Border Crossing Point:
It means that make strong control over external border crossing points.