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Schengen Agreement Countries & History – Purpose Of Schengen Agreement

Laura Amber, Tourism Guide

Schengen area consist of 26 Europe countries, for the easy going in these countries an agreement was signed on 14 June 1985 named by Schengen Agreement, it was signed by Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands these were the five of the ten Europe countries which agreed for this agreement with the passage of time other countries also agreed for Schengen agreement, all Schengen countries shared their internal borders for free movement.

Schengen Agreement 14 June 1985

Schengen Agreement 14 June 1985

Countries Joined Schengen Agreement:

These countries sharing their for exchanging goods, services and Information under Schengen Agreement.

  • 1985: Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
  • 1995: Portugal and Spain
  • 1997: Italy and Austria
  • 2000: Greece
  • 2001: Norway, Finland, Sweden, Iceland and Denmark
  • 2007: Estonia, Slovenia, Czech Republic, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, Latvia, Malta and Lithonia
  • 2008: Switzerland and Liechtenstein

Schengen agreement is the main contract which joined the 26 Europe countries for free movement.

Schengen Agreement 14 June 1985 Preview

Schengen Agreement 14 June 1985 Preview

  • Written: 14 June 1985
  • Productive: 26 March 1995
  • Established: 14 June 1985
  • Original Signatories: Germany, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, and the Netherlands
  • Placement: Schengen, Luxembourg
  • Depositary: Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Countries which are not agree for agreement:

Romania, Croatia, Cyprus and Bulgaria are the four Europe countries who have not yet been agree to be a part of the Schengen area.

Albaria, Russia, Moldova, Serbia, Macedonia, Ukraine, Bosnia, Montenegro and Belarus are the nine Non-Europe Union countries which are not the part of the Schengen agreement.

Schengen Agreement Area - 26 European Countries

Schengen Agreement Area – 26 European Countries

All Schengen countries are not EU members Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein these states are not EU members.

Schengen area has a river Moselle which drainage area is 28,289 km2, Luxemburg covers 2,521 km2 and 54 percent of the complete drainage area covers by French part.

Schengen area consist on 4,312,099 sq.km and has a population over 400 million people. The main purpose of Schengen agreement is to build international links and share borders, visitors of Europe countries feel free in travelling within the Schengen area without taking passport with them

According to Maastricht Treaty 1992:

Movement without any fear is the right of Schengen citizens, European Union also declares that 1.25 billion tours make By citizens per year in Schengen area.

This relegation checked complications on abolition of internal border controls, definition of this system is providing a uniform visa, working of a single database for all members known as Schengen Information System(SIS) as well as the formation of a co-operating structure between internal and immigration officers.

Schengen area has a small village in Luxembourg where Schengen agreement is signed.

Schengen Agreement Area Small Village in Luxembourg

Schengen Agreement Area Small Village in Luxembourg

The agreement was built up in 1990 by Schengen Convention which present the entire abolition of systematic internal border controls and a common visa policy.

Schengen agreement is the component of the legal acts, it has, for EU members, vanished the position of an agreement, which could only be modified as stated by its terms.

Preferably, changings are made according to the parliamentarian strategy of EU under EU treaties. Reformation by the ex-agreement signatory states are not need for modifying Schengen acquis. Schengen area entering condition is maintained by the voting in the EU’s legal chamber. New states are not allowing to sign the Schengen agreement as such these states of EU are required to implement Schengen rules which are designed by EU legal body.

Refugee Crisis Affected Schengen:

Denmark decided to make more secure control on its southern border with Germany.

Denmark made this decision after Sweden enforced identity checks for train passengers travelling between two. Austria, Germany and Norway reinstate checks to deal with majority of immigrants, these states are not in EU member. France has them in place because the invasion in Paris.

The measurement taken as precaution against threat have built confusion about the moreover of free migration within the 26 states that formulate the Schengen area-named after the Luxembourg where it was signed in 1985

The EU states claims that more than 1.5 million people make visit within the Schengen area borders in last year. The entrance of thousands of people in Itlay and Greece entirely canceled their border authorities. As those states feel stress, they have periodically secured their southern borders. Two armies are trying to separate Europe. In 2015 an unexpected number of visitors have arrived in Europe. They to go to those countries where they are largely likely to be allowed to visit, especially Germany and Sweden. The stress is increased for those countries

Purpose of Agreement:

The main five contributing parties are Belgium, Germany, France, Luxembourg and the Netherlands, have decided to implementation on the statement that is in the agreement to prohibit controls at their borders on the free movement of visitors, goods, information and transport, for this purpose co-operation of contracting parties is required.

Following are the purpose of the Schengen agreement.

  1. Border Check:

Check border is the main purpose of this agreement, it means that to check out at border.

  1. Schengen Information System:

For refusing the entry of any stranger Schengen Information System has been introduced

  1. Internal Border:

Under this agreement all states of Schengen area share their internal land and sea borders for their visitors, goods, internal flights and for shipment.

  1. External Border:

These states also share their external land and sea borders for transactions.

  1. Border Crossing Point:

It means that make a strong control on external border crossing point.

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